Post Script (9/28/04)

Clovis First / Pre-Clovis Problem
Revisited 2004

Tony Baker
September 15, 2004

Since, I went public with this webpage, I have learned that there were three projectile fragments found at the Monte Verde site in Chile. Based on the images in the Monograph (Collins 1997:424-425), these are thick-bodied projectiles that I would classify as El Jobo. Collins (1997:503) writes that "... design analogs to these points have been found in megafauna kill sites (such as El Jobo points at Taima Taima [Bryan et al. A978]) and commonly show to have been maintained by resharpening (such as Agate Basin points at the Agate Basin site [Frison and Stanford 1982])." These fragments were found in the MV-6 and the upper portion of MV-7, which yielded nine C-14 dates (Dillehay and Pino 1997:135). I have added these Monte Verde dates to Figure 3.

Figure 3

The inclusion of the Monte Verde dates has no effect on the conclusions reached in the main webpage. They just present a more complete picture of the archaeological record. If the reader should know of more dates, circa Clovis, for either thick- or thin-bodied projectiles, I would greatly appreciate an email.

Click here for the updated Appendix -- C14 dates.

Click here to return to main webpage.

Additional References

Collins, M. B.
1997  The Lithics from Monte Verde, A Descriptive-Morphological Analysis. In Monte Verde: A Late Pleistocene Settlement in Chile, Vol. 2: The Archaeological Context and Interpretation, edited by T. D. Dillehay, pp. 385-506. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.
Dillehay, T and M. Pino
1997  Stratigraphy and Chronology. In Monte Verde: A Late Pleistocene Settlement in Chile, Vol. 1: Palaeoenvironment and Site Context, edited by T. D. Dillehay, pp. 133-145. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.