ABSTRACT

Expediency and Projectile Resharpening

2/14/90

Three independent analyses were performed to test the observation that the resharpened lithic projectile exhibits poorer workmanship than the original. Resharpening is defined as the restoration of the distal end by the group that was responsible for its first manufacture. Proximal end restoration was not considered in these analyses.

The data for the analyses consisted of 983 projectiles representing numerous point types. Each analysis focus on a single characteristic and how it might vary between a resharpened projectile and an original. The characteristics analyzed were: 1) distal end morphology, 2) number of flake scars, and 3) projectile thickness. Some of the conclusions reached were: 1) the resharpened projectile exhibits a greater variety of shapes at the distal end than the original; 2) the flakes removed in the resharpening process are smaller than those created during the original's manufacture; 3) a resharpened projectile is thicker than an original of equal size; and 4) larger projectiles were more likely to have been resharpened.

These conclusions are not point type specific because the projectiles analyzed were not point type specific. They apply to the typical or average projectile and not every projectile. Previous work concerning the projectile's thickness arrived at similar conclusions and, therefore, the thickness analysis in this work is redundant. However, this redundancy provides support for the conclusions reached from the other two analyses.

The conclusions reached support the concept that the projectile was constructed to a mental template while it was resharpened in an expedient manner which led to poorer workmanship.

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